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Gramma Jean Goes Surfin' -- Your Online Guide to the Internet

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Gramma Jean Goes Surfin'
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<sup>* brought to you by the Log Cabin Democrat Online *</sup>

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<a href="surfin.html"><img src="images/surfin.gif" border="1"  vspace="5" width="90" height="20" border="0" hspace="5" alt="SURFIN'"></a>

<li><a href="surfin.html#basics" style="text-decoration: none;">the basics</a><br>
<li><a href="surfin.html#hints" style="text-decoration: none;">gramma's tips</a><br>
<li><a href="surfin.html#faqs" style="text-decoration: none;">questions</a><br>

<a href="shoppin.html"><img src="images/shoppin.gif" border="1"  vspace="5" width="90" height="20" border="0" hspace="5" alt="SHOPPIN'"></a>

<li><a href="shoppin.html#ecommerce" style="text-decoration: none;">e-commerce</a><br>
<li><a href="shoppin.html#ordering" style="text-decoration: none;">ordering</a><br>
<li><a href="shoppin.html#security" style="text-decoration: none;">security</a><br>

<a href="searchin.html"><img src="images/searchin.gif" border="1"  vspace="5" width="90" height="20" border="0" hspace="5" alt="SEARCHIN'"></a>

<li><a href="searchin.html#engines" style="text-decoration: none;">search engines</a><br>
<li><a href="searchin.html#howto" style="text-decoration: none;">how to</a><br>
<li><a href="searchin.html#tips" style="text-decoration: none;">granny's tips</a><br>

<a href="learnin.html"><img src="images/learnin.gif" border="1" vspace="5" width="90" height="20" border="0" hspace="5" alt="LEARNIN'"></a>

<li><a href="learnin.html#glossary" style="text-decoration: none;">glossary</a><br>
<li><a href="learnin.html#computer" style="text-decoration: none;">your computer</a><br>
<li><a href="learnin.html#html" style="text-decoration: none;">web design</a><br>

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<h3>
THE BASICS
</h3>

The Internet is a series of computers that are connected to each other in order to
facilitate the sharing of information.

<p>
Each Web Site you visit is located on a computer -- called a server -- whose job is
to provide information to those who request it.
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For example, if you <a href="http://www.celebrate2000.thecabin.net">click here</a>, you will request a document
from one of our sister Web Sites -- Celebrate 2000!

<p>

The files on a Web Server are like any document on your home or office computer. The
only difference is that Web Documents (formally called HTML documents) can be accessed
remotely -- i.e. by people not sitting in front of the server. Just like you are now
reading a document sitting on our Web Server -- which is located in Kansas!

<p>

<h4>
Getting Around the Web
</h4>
One of the first things we'll address is the idea of links. In order to get to this page, you've clicked on and followed at least one link. A link connects one Web page to another.
<p>
Links usually appear as blue, underlined text. When you move your mouse arrow over <a name="here"><a href=#here>a link</a>, the arrow changes to a pointing hand. <img src="images/link.gif" width=16 height=18 border=0 align="top" alt="Pointing Hand">
<p>
Not all links are blue text. Links can be embedded in images or in text boxes just like the ones in the left-hand column.

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<b>
Popular Spots
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<li><a href="http://www.netscape.com" style="text-decoration: none">Netscape</a><br><font size="-2">www.netscape.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.microsoft.com" style="text-decoration: none">Microsoft</a><br><font size="-2">www.microsoft.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.uark.edu" style="text-decoration: none">U of Arkansas</a><br><font size="-2">www.uark.edu</font>
<li><a href="http://www.cnn.com" style="text-decoration: none">CNN</a><br><font size="-2">www.cnn.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.msnbc.com" style="text-decoration: none">MS/NBC</a><br><font size="-2">www.msnbc.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.nfl.com" style="text-decoration: none">National Football League</a><br><font size="-2">www.nfl.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.espn.com" style="text-decoration: none">ESPN</a><br><font size="-2">www.espn.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.cnet.com" style="text-decoration: none">C|NET</a><br><font size="-2">www.cnet.com</font>
<li><a href="http://www.epicurious.com" style="text-decoration: none">Epicurious</a><br><font size="-2">www.epicurious.com</font>
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<b>
Bookmarks
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Bookmarks (or Favorites) are the post-it notes of the Internet. They are Web locations
saved by your browser so you can go straight back to a specific page -- kinda like speed dial.
Click "Bookmarks" (Netscape) or "Favorites" (Explorer) and select "Add" to save the location
of any specific page.

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People and companies build Web Sites in order to share information, sell products, or
provide resources. Some examples are in the box to the right.

<p>

<a href="searchin.html" style="text-decoration: none;">Search Engines and Web Portals</a> are
specialized Web Sites that are designed to gather information about other Web Sites.
Such sites are very helpful, and are discussed more fully under <a href="searchin.html">SEARCHIN'</a>.
<p>

<a name="hints">
<h3>
Gramma Jean's Tips
</h3>

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<B>TIP #1: KNOW AND USE YOUR TOOLBAR </B><BR>
Any Web browser is designed to make it relatively easy to move
around the Internet, but too often people don't utilize the Toolbar
to help them. Whether you're using Netscape or Explorer, your
toolbar will differ only slightly. <B>Toolbar Screen</B><BR>
This guide is based on the Macintosh version of Netscape, and most of these buttons
are common to all Web browser toolbars.<p>
<B>Back</B><BR>
This button jumps you back to the Web pages you've already seen.<p>
<B>Forward</B><BR>
This button jumps you ahead to the Web page you were on before
you jumped back. (*THIS ONLY WORKS IF YOU HAVE JUMPED TO A PREVIOUS
WEB PAGE.)<p>
<B>Reload</B> or <B>Refresh</B><BR>
Will load the Web page again, in case all the files from a Web
page didn't load the first time. Also, when you download a Web
page the files are saved in your cache. The next time you want
that Web page, your computer grabs it from its cache instead of
requesting the file from the server again. But if the Web page
is updated frequently, like a site of daily news, sports or stock
quotes, you won't get the most current information. If you RELOAD
the page, you'll get the most timely information. Holding down SHIFT
when you press RELOAD will force the browser to reconnect to the server.<p>
<B>Print</B><BR>
Allows you to make a hard copy of the Web page currently loaded
in your browser.<p>
<B>Stop</B><BR>
Stops the browser from downloading the current Web page.<p>

<B><font size="3">Buttons Unique to Navigator:</font></b><P>
<b>Images</B><BR>
Lets you turn graphic images off or on. (Turning graphic images
off and viewing sites in text-only form allows for much quicker
downloading. See TIP #4)<p>
<B>Open</B><BR>
Lets you load a Web page you have already stored on your computer's
hard drive. (In Explorer, this feature is under the File menu.)<p>
<B>Find</B><BR>
Lets you search for specific words in a document.<p>
<B><font size="3">Buttons Unique to Explorer.</font></b><p>
<b>Search</B><BR>
Connects you to a Web page with several search engines and Internet
directories.<p>
<B>Favorites</B><BR>
This feature is like the BOOKMARK feature in Navigator. It allows
you to file the address of your favorite Web sites and revisit
them with the click of a button.<p>
<B>Font</B><BR>
Lets you change the size of the text on the Web page. (See TIP
#3) One more thing... As you jump from Web page to Web page, your
browser is smart enough to remember where it's been. The quickest
way to return to a Web page you've visited already is to look
under the GO menu to find a history of your Internet travels.
Simply highlight a site and your browser will jump back there.
However, once you close your browser, your history is lost.</P>

<P><B>TIP #2: CHOOSE YOUR OWN HOME PAGE </B><BR>
Both Netscape and Microsoft set their Web sites as the default
home page when you launch your browser. But most people want to
see their favorite site each time they go online. And it's nice
to get the latest news, sports, and financial information whenever
you hit your HOME button. To switch your home page, go under the
EDIT menu to PREFERENCES. Select NAVIGATOR (If you're using Netscape),
and change your default home page to whatever you want. Make sure
you include the complete address. For example, if you want to
set THECABIN.NET as your home page, enter the address: thecabin.net
</P>

<P><B>TIP #3: CHANGE THE FONT SIZE </B><BR>
As you probably already know, the Internet can become addictive
very quickly. However, a few hours spent surfing can seem like
years to your eyes. If you think the font (type style) size is
too small, don't worry. It's easy to change. Go under the EDIT
menu at the top of your screen and select PREFERENCES. (This may
be under the OPTIONS menu, depending on your browser.) Click on
the tab that says &quot;Appearance.&quot; Then click on the tab
that says &quot;Fonts.&quot; Change the font size from 10 to 12,
or from 12 to 14, or even bigger! You'll notice a huge difference,
and your eyes will thank you!</P>

<P><B>TIP #4: SPEED UP DOWNLOAD TIME BY VIEWING SITES IN TEXT-ONLY
MODE. </B><BR>
Part of what makes the Internet so exciting is the design and
graphics used on many sites. Web designers can be extremely creative
in their design concepts, but it can take a long time to download
all those cool graphics. You can drastically cut the time you
spend waiting for Web sites to download by turning off the images
in your browser, so you'll only see the text on a page. If you
are using Netscape Navigator, de-select Auto Load Images under
the OPTIONS menu. With Microsoft Explorer, select OPTIONS under
the VIEW menu, then click the General tab. Then uncheck Show Pictures.
Many Web pages have ALT tags attached to their graphics. These
tags describe the graphic. If you want to see one of these images,
click on the tag with your right mouse button and select View
Image. If you're using a Macintosh, just click on the image, or
select the Image button in Navigator to load all the images on
that page. ***Another way to speed up download time without changing
your preferences to text-only mode is to press the STOP button
after the text appears.</P>

<P><B>TIP #5: WEB SITE ADDRESS SHORTCUTS </B><BR>
When trying to get to a particular Web site, you need to understand
the way addresses are assigned to Web pages. A <BR>
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) is an address for a Web page or
Internet site. To learn the parts of a typical URL, check out
our <A HREF="learnin.html#glossary">glossary</A>. The most obvious way to get to a particular Web
site is to enter the site's URL in the Location field at the top
of the screen. However, if you enter any part of that address
incorrectly your browser will not link to the site or resource
that you want. Here are a few tips to ensure that you will connect
to the site you want every time. First, Web site addresses usually
don't have spaces in them. Many do, however, have underscores
(_) where a space would normally be, so keep that in mind. Also,
a URL always uses forward slashes (/), not backward ones. And
you can find the URL behind any link by placing your cursor over
the link. The pointer will turn into a hand and the URL will appear
in the browser's status bar, usually located at the bottom of
your screen. Most importantly, when you've found a Web site you
like and will most definitely want to see again, bookmark it!</P>

<P><B>TIP #6: INCREASE YOUR CACHE </B><BR>
The cache is an area of disk space on your hard drive which stores
the text and graphics of a Web page. When you revisit that page,
the Web browser pulls the files from the cache instead of downloading
them again. After awhile though, the cache becomes full. Your
Web browser automatically deletes old files as you continue to
surf the Web. But if you visit many of the same sites regularaly,
you can speed up access by caching more of them. To do this, you
have to increase the size of your cache. 10 MB is optimal. If
you use Navigator, go to the EDIT menu and select PREFERENCES.
Select the Advanced tab, then Cache, and then increase the cache
size. With Explorer, go to the VIEWS menu, select Options, then
click the Advanced tab, choose Settings and use the slider to
increase the cache.</P>

<P><B>TIP #7: SURF DURING OFF HOURS</B><BR>
There are millions of people surfing the Internet every day, trying
to access the same Web sites, download information, and send e-mail.
The Internet highways are most congested in late afternoon and
early evening, so try going online in the morning or late at night.
You'll be amazed how much faster everything works!</P>

<P><B>TIP#8: PICK TWO SEARCH ENGINES AND KNOW HOW THEY WORK</B><BR>
Search engines are wonderful creations, but if you don't understand
them, you can't get the most out of them. For more information
about search engines, take a look at our <A HREF="searchin.html">Search Engine Guide</A>.</P>

<P><B>TIP #9: DISABLE CALL WAITING</B><BR>
Most people today have call waiting as a standard feature of telephone
service. If you don't have a designated line for your Internet
service and are using the same line for both your regular phone
use and Internet connection, call waiting can be a problem. If
a call comes in while you're online, it will disconnect your online
connection. The best solution, of course, is to get a designated
line for your online connection. However, if you don't want to
pay for two phone lines, disabling the call waiting feature is
easy. In most places you can enter *70 before the number you call
for Internet service so that another call will not interrupt you
while you're online.</P>

<P><B>TIP #10: WHENEVER POSSIBLE, DOWNLOAD TO A DISK</B>
</font>

<p>
 

<a name="faqs">
<h3>
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
</h3>

Many Web Sites have FAQs (pronounced FACTS), where users can ask question and get answers.

Here are some Frequently Asked Questions about the Internet.
<p>
<font size="2"><strong>Want to add a question? Send it via e-mail to <a href="mailto:webmaster@thecabin.net">webmaster@thecabin.net</a>.</strong>

<p>

<ul>
<li><strong>What does .COM mean?</strong><br>
There are all manner of specialized Web Sites on the Internet, and
there are easy ways to tell what you're clicking to . . .

<p>

Computers on the Internet identify each other by means of their DNS (Domain Naming System) entry --
 a centralized directory of computers run by <a href="www.InterNic.org">InterNIC</a>.

<p>

A <strong>domain name</strong> is like a post office box -- it indicates
a specific location.
<p>
Typically, domain names begin with <code>WWW</code> and end in <code>.COM</code>.
For example, <code><a href="http://www.conwaycorp.com">WWW.CONWAYCORP.COM</a></code>.
<p>
The <code>.COM</code> is a hint to the Web Site's content. It stands for <em>COMmercial</em>.

<p>

Every domain name has a "top level" indicated by the final letters. Several different types are
currently in use, and more are planned:

<ul type=open>

<li><strong>.COM</strong> -- Commercial or business Web Site.
<li><strong>.EDU</strong> -- Educational institution.
<li><strong>.NET</strong> -- Informational, a generic domain.
<li><strong>.ORG</strong> -- Non-profit or charitable organization.
<li><strong>.GOV</strong> -- United States Goverment.
<li><strong>.MIL</strong> -- United States Military.
<li><strong>.UK</strong> --  A country code (in this case the United Kingdom).

</ul>

<p>

<li><strong>How do web pages work?</strong><br>
Web Pages are special computer documents (called HTML pages) designed to be read by a Web Browser (Netscape Navigator and Internet Explorer are
the two most popular). The browser de-codes the information in the HTML and then
draws or "renders" the page accordingly. For a glimpse of the HTML code, click
View Source at the top of your browser window, or <a href="learnin.html">click here</a>.
<p>
<li><strong>What do I need to get on the
Internet?</strong><BR>
Basically, all you need is a PC, modem, and telephone line.
 Modems come in different speeds and most are preinstalled with
newer computers.  Then you need a phone line cable to connect
your phone line to your modem.  It's that simple!</P>
<p>
<li><strong>How can I access the Web?</strong>
<BR>The best way by far is to run a Web browser on your own
computer.  A Web browser is an application that can interpret
HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol), which is the language
that the World Wide Web uses.  Some popular browsers include:
 Netscape Navigator, Microsoft Internet Explorer, and LYNX.</P>
<p>
<li><strong>How can I upgrade my Web browser?</strong><BR>
Web browser software is evolving all the time (Internet Explorer 5.0 just came out).  You can
download the most recent version of any Web browser by visiting
that browser's home page.  For example, to download the most recent
version of Netscape Navigator, go to www.netscape.com. </P>

<p>
<li><strong>What's a home page? Can I
switch my home page to something different?</strong><BR>
A home page is the default Web page that your computer
connects to every time you go online.  For example, if you have
Netscape Navigator, your home page is the Netscape Netcenter website
(www.netscape.com).  Whenever you click on the HOME button on
the menu bar, it will take you there as well. If you'd like to
change that home page, you can!  Let's say, for example, that
you would like THECABIN.NET to be your home page.  All you have
to do is go under the EDIT pull-down on the menu bar at the top
of your screen and select PREFERENCES.  Just replace your default
home page address with ours, which is:  http://thecabin.net
 Now every time you click the HOME button, you really will go home!</P>
<p>
<li><strong>What is an ISP?</strong><BR>
Internet Service Provider, also called access providers.
 This is the remote computer system through which you connect
your computer to the Internet.  This is often done by modem and
telephone line; therefore, these services are often called <B>dial-up
services</B>.  Some ISPs, like AOL (America OnLine), CompuServe
and Prodigy, offer Internet access along with lots of other information,
links and services.  Others, such as iThink, GTE and Cybergate,
provide Internet access only, without a lot of extras.</P>

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<li><strong>Are the Internet and the World Wide Web the same thing?</strong><br>
For all practical purposes, yes.
<p>
<li><strong>How do computers find each other over the Internet?</strong>
<br>Each computer is assigned an Internet Protocol number (IP number). The IP number
 is a four-number string akin to 255.255.140.102.

<p>
<li><strong>How do I remember those numbers?</strong><br>
You don't need to. Domain names translate those numbers into easy-to-recall names
like <code>THECABIN.NET</code>
<p>
<li><strong>Q: I'm trying to get to a Web
site but it's taking too long.  Can I do anything to speed up
the process?</strong><BR>
If it's taking an unusually long time to connect to a particular
Web site, that's probably because the site is very popular.  Imagine
hundreds of cars all trying to take the same exit off the highway
--- traffic can get pretty backed up!  Sometimes it helps to press
the RELOAD button located on your menu bar at the top of the screen.
 This tells the computer to try again to download the Web site.
 If this doesn't work, you can always press the STOP button on
your menu, and move on to a different Web page.  Your best bet
is to try reaching the more popular site at a different time of
the day (perhaps first thing in the morning, or later at night
when &quot;traffic&quot; is less hectic).</P>
<P>
<LI><STRONG>My computer is asking if I
want to download a file. What does that mean, and is it safe to
download anything?</strong><BR>
<B>Downloading</B> is simply transferring information from
a remote computer to yours.  However, it is possible to download
viruses and other nasty things if you don't know what it is you
are downloading.  If you're not sure, don't download it!  <BR>
If you do want to download something, the easiest way is to go
under the File menu on your desktop and click on SAVE AS.  Then
select the folder in which you want to save the downloaded file,
and click SAVE.  Make sure you know the name of the file you are
downloading, so you can find it amid all your other downloads!</P>

<p>
<li><strong>Can other people "see" what's on my computer when I'm on the Internet?</strong><br>
No. Being on the Internet doesn't allow other people to access your computer. However, information that
you send over your browser (by filling out online forms) may be readable by others.

<p>
<li><strong>What does <code>ERROR 404 NOT FOUND </code> mean?</strong><br>
It means that you have requested a document that doesn't exist in the location you typed. You may
have clicked a faulty link or mistyped the document address.

<p>
<li><strong>Why do I get an <code>ACCESS DENIED</code> message when I try some links?</code><br>
Web Servers only let people see information that has been authorized for public use.
If general access has not been approved, you can't see the document.

<p>
<li><strong>What is a "Search Engine"?</strong><br>
A search engine is a specialized Web Site that archives material available on the Internet,
allowing users to find resources by searching for key terms.

<p>
<li><strong>Is it safe to give out my credit card online?</strong><br>
Sometimes, but be careful. Go to the section on <a href="shoppin.html">SHOPPIN'</a> for more detail.
 

<br>
<br>

Thanks to our Morris compatriots @ <a href="http://www.polkonline.com">Polk Online</a> and <a href="http://www.onlineathens.com">Online Athens</a>!
<BR>

<BR>

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                                <!-- / border -->
 
 

</body>

</html>